In November 1918 Poland regained its independence.
The Polish government was sworn in on November 18, 1918 with J. Moraczewski.
From the left: S. Thugutt, J. Moraczewski, K. Prauss (in the second row),
J. Piłsudski, L. Supiński, L. Wasilewski, T. Nocznicki (standing in the first row).
They stand from the left: B. Ziemiecki, T. Arciszewski, and B. Stolarski (in a white coat)¹